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Documentation plugin

The Documentation plugin is useful to document the available endpoints once you created an API.

If installed, the Documentation plugin will inspect content types and routes found on all APIs in your project and any plugin specified in the configuration. The plugin will then programmatically generate documentation to match the OpenAPI specification. The Documentation plugin generates the paths objects and schema objects and converts all Strapi types to OpenAPI data types.

The generated documentation can be found in your application at the following path: src/extensions/documentation/documentation/<version>/full_documentation.json

Installation

To install the plugin run following command in your terminal:

yarn strapi install documentation

Once the plugin is installed, starting the application generates the API documentation.

Swagger UI

The Documentation plugin visualizes your API using Swagger UI. To access the UI, select Plugins > Documentation plugin icon Documentation in the main navigation of the admin panel. Then click Open documentation to open the Swagger UI. Using the Swagger UI you can view all of the endpoints available on your API and trigger API calls.

💡 Tip

Once installed, the Documentation plugin UI can be accessed at the following URL: <server-url>:<server-port>/documentation/<documentation-version> (e.g., localhost:1337/documentation/v1.0.0).

Authenticated requests

Strapi is secured by default, which means that most of your end-points require the user to be authorized. If the action has not been set to public in users and permission then you must provide your JWT. To do this, click the “Authorize” button and paste your JWT.

Administration panel

This plugin comes with an interface that is available in your administration panel and a configuration file.

Restrict the access to your API documentation

By default, your documentation will be accessible by anyone.

To restrict API documentation access, enable the Restricted Access option from the admin panel:

  1. Navigate to Settings icon Settings in the main navigation of the admin panel.
  2. Choose Documentation.
  3. Toggle Restricted Access to ON.
  4. Define a password in the password input.
  5. Save the settings.

Regenerate documentation

There are 2 ways to update the documentation after making changes to your API:

  • restart your application to regenerate the version of the documentation specified in the Documentation plugin's configuration,
  • or go to the Documentation plugin page and click the regenerate button for the documentation version you want to regenerate.

Configuration

The Documentation plugin is initialized with the following configuration, where all properties can be altered by providing new values to the documentation plugin's configuration object in config/plugins.js:

module.exports = {
documentation: {
enabled: true,
config: {
openapi: '3.0.0',
info: {
version: '1.0.0',
title: 'DOCUMENTATION',
description: '',
termsOfService: 'YOUR_TERMS_OF_SERVICE_URL',
contact: {
name: 'TEAM',
email: 'contact-email@something.io',
url: 'mywebsite.io'
},
license: {
name: 'Apache 2.0',
url: 'https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0.html'
},
},
'x-strapi-config': {
// Leave empty to ignore plugins during generation
plugins: [ 'upload', 'users-permissions'],
path: '/documentation',
},
servers: [{ url: 'http://localhost:1337/api/api', description: 'Development server' }],
externalDocs: {
description: 'Find out more',
url: 'https://docs.strapi.io/developer-docs/latest/getting-started/introduction.html'
},
security: [ { bearerAuth: [] } ]
}
}
}

Create a new version of the documentation

To create a new version of your documentation, update the version key as follows:

config/plugins.js

module.exports = {
documentation: {
enabled: true,
config: {
info: { version: "2.0.0" },
},
},
};

Indicate which plugins need documentation generated

If you want plugins to be included in documentation generation, they should be included in the plugins array on the x-strapi-config. By default, the array is initialized with ["upload", "users-permissions"].

Similarly, if you do not want plugins to be included in documentation generation, provide an empty array:

config/plugins.js

module.exports = {
documentation: {
enabled: true,
config: {
"x-strapi-config": {
// Default
plugins: ["upload", "users-permissions"],
// Custom
plugins: ["upload"],
// Do not generate for plugins
plugins: [],
},
},
},
};

Overriding the generated documentation

Excluding from generation

To exclude certain APIs or plugins from being generated, use the excludeFromGeneration found on the documentation plugin’s override service in your application or plugin's register lifecycle.

✏️ Note

excludeFromGeneration gives more fine-grained control over what is generated.

For example, pluginA might create several new APIs while pluginB may only want to generate documentation for some of those APIs. In that case, pluginB could still benefit from the generated documentation it does need by excluding only what it does not need.

excludeFromGeneration()

ParameterTypeDescription
apiString or Array of StringsThe name of the API/plugin, or list of names, to exclude
Application or plugin register lifecycle

module.exports = {
register({ strapi }) {
strapi
.plugin("documentation")
.service("override")
.excludeFromGeneration("restaurant");
// or several
strapi
.plugin("documentation")
.service("override")
.excludeFromGeneration(["address", "upload"]);
}
}

Providing replacement documentation

If the Documentation plugin fails to generate what you expect, it is possible to replace what has been generated.

The Documentation plugin exposes an API that allows you to replace what was generated for the following OpenAPI root level keys: paths, tags, components .

To provide an override, use the registerOverride function found on the Documentation plugin’s override service in your application or plugin's register lifecycle.

registerOverride()

ParameterTypeDescription
overrideObjectOpenAPI object including any of the following keys paths, tags, components. Accepts JavaScript, JSON, or yaml
optionsObjectAccepts pluginOrigin and excludeFromGeneration
options.pluginOriginStringThe plugin that is registering the override
options.excludeFromGenerationString or Array of StringThe name of the API/plugin, or list of names, to exclude
Caution

Plugin developers providing an override should always specify the pluginOrigin options key. Otherwise the override will run regardless of the user’s configuration.

The Documentation plugin will use the registered overrides to replace the value of common keys on the generated documentation with what the override provides. If no common keys are found, the plugin will add new keys to the generated documentation.

If the override completely replaces what the documentation generates, you can specify that generation is no longer necessary by providing the names of the APIs or plugins to exclude in the options key array excludeFromGeneration.

If the override should only be applied to a specific version, the override must include a value for info.version. Otherwise, the override will run on all documentation versions.

Application or plugin register lifecycle

module.exports = {
register({ strapi }) {
if (strapi.plugin('documentation')) {
const override = {
// Only run this override for version 1.0.0
info: { version: '1.0.0' },
paths: {
'/answer-to-everything': {
get: {
responses: { 200: { description: "*" }}
}
}
}
}

strapi
.plugin('documentation')
.service('override')
.registerOverride(override, {
// Specify the origin in case the user does not want this plugin documented
pluginOrigin: 'upload',
// The override provides everything don't generate anything
excludeFromGeneration: ['upload'],
});
}
},
}

The overrides system is provided to try and simplify amending the generated documentation. It is the only way a plugin can add or modify the generated documentation.

The Documentation plugin’s configuration also accepts a mutateDocumentation function on info['x-strapi-config']. This function receives a draft state of the generated documentation that be can be mutated. It should only be applied from an application and has the final say in the OpenAPI schema.

mutateDocumentation()

ParameterTypeDescription
generatedDocumentationDraftObjectThe generated documentation with applied overrides as a mutable object
config/plugins.js

module.exports = {
documentation: {
config: {
"x-strapi-config": {
mutateDocumentation: (generatedDocumentationDraft) => {
generatedDocumentationDraft.paths[
"/answer-to-everything" // must be an existing path
].get.responses["200"].description = "*";
},
},
},
},
};